How exercises improve and maintain fitness level?

Summary: Endurance or aerobic activities increase breathing and heart rate. Strength exercises, or resistance training, strengthen muscles. Balance exercises can make it easier to walk on uneven surfaces and help prevent falls. Flexibility exercises stretch your muscles and can help your body stay flexible.

Are you short of breath from shopping or household chores? Regular physical activity can improve muscle strength and increase endurance. Strength training, sometimes called resistance training, should be done two or three times a week. Squats, lunges, push-ups and exercises performed on resistance machines or with weights or bands help maintain and even build muscle mass and strength. Strength training also helps prevent falls, keep bones strong, lower blood sugar levels and improve balance.

Do a combination of isometric and isotonic exercises. Isometric exercises, such as doing planks and lifting the legs, are performed without movement. They are great for maintaining strength and improving stability. Isotonic exercises require you to support weight in a range of motion.

Bicep pushups, bench presses, and squats are all forms of isotonic exercise. Physical activity or exercise can improve health and reduce the risk of developing several diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, cancer and cardiovascular disease. Physical activity and exercise can have immediate and long-term health benefits. Most importantly, regular activity can improve your quality of life.

Experts have designed specific exercises for older people that are low-impact, safe and that can be performed even from a seated position if necessary. And since obesity is a major risk for diabetes, exercises that help you shed fat, especially around the waist, will help you keep diabetes at bay. Try to do strength exercises for all major muscle groups at least 2 days a week, but don't work the same muscle group two days in a row. Pre-exercise screening tests are used to identify people with medical conditions that may place them at greater risk of experiencing a health problem during physical activity.

Many people think that exercise is an integral part of losing weight, and while diet is also extremely important, they're not wrong. If you're concerned about the risk of falling, you can do balance exercises for older people by holding onto a chair or door frame. Any activity that increases your heart rate and gets your body moving while having fun and staying motivated is the exercise that will help you lose weight. Exercising regularly, every day if possible, is the most important thing you can do for your health.

For training videos and examples of how to do some of the exercises listed below, visit NIA's YouTube channel. But if what worries you most is how to improve cardiovascular health, then you should give priority to cardiovascular exercises that force your heart and lungs to work harder and send oxygen to your cells. When you exercise, you ask the body's cells to extract glucose (sugar) from the blood, which they do by becoming more sensitive to insulin, the hormone crucial for glucose metabolism. Exercise-induced asthma can be prevented with medicines and by preparing for exercise and physical activity.

Tai chi and yoga are excellent forms of balance exercises that can help you avoid falls and stay independent well into old age...